CKA Exam Guide

CKA Exam Study Guide: Certified Kubernetes Administrator

This comprehensive CKA certification exam study guide covers all the important aspects of the Certified Kubernetes Administrator exam and useful resources.

Passing the cloud-native Certified Kubernetes Administrator (CKA) exam is not a cakewalk. To pass the CKA exam, you should have enough hands-on knowledge about Kubernetes cluster components and their associated resources.

Also, It is one of the best DevOps certifications which has a practical exam environment where you have to deal with six Kubernetes clusters. Your practice plays a key role in this exam.

Not to worry, we have covered an awesome list of cka study materials, productive tips, and resources that you could use to ace the CKA exam.

You can use this CKA guide as a learning roadmap for the certified Kubernetes administrator exam.

Certified Kubernetes Administrator(CKA) Exam Study Guide

We have structured the resources in the following categories.

  1. CKA Certification Coupon
  2. CKA Exam Overview & Syllabus
  3. CKA Free Practice Labs
  4. CKA Exam Tips
  5. CKA Detailed Resource List
  6. Passing the CKA Exam the Easy Way
  7. Passing the CKA Exam the Hard Way
  8. Other Useful CKA Resources
  9. Best CKA Online Training Resources

Note: Dont miss the bonus materials given towards the end.

[30% Off] CKA Certification Voucher Code

Your first step toward CKA is to register for the exam. You can appear for the exam anytime in 12 months with a free retake.

Register today and use the exclusive DevOps engineer sale for the CKA exam to get a 20% discount on CKA, KCNA, CKAD, and CKS certifications. This code expires soon.

Use Coupon: 30COMTECHIES at checkout

If you are planning for CKA & CKS certifications, it is better to buy the CKA+CKS bundle. You will be able to save up to 35% ( $355 savings).

Use Coupon: 30COMTECHIES at checkout

Note: FOR Certified Kubernetes Security Specialist (CKS) certification you need to have CKA certification. If you are planning for both certifications, you can purchase them as a bundle from the CKS certification page. You could almost save $237 with the bundle.

With CKA exam registration, you will get free access to killer.sh platform CKA practice exam simulator. Before appearing for the CKA exam, you can practice for the exam in the simulator.

You can access the simulator from the exam portal. You can directly log in with the Linux foundation credentials. You will have access to two exam sessions. In fact, the simulator exam is harder than the actual exam. So, if you try to get a passing mark on the simulator, you will definitely learn the actual CKA exam.

CKA Certification Exam Details [2024 Update]

Exam duration2 Hrs
Exam TypeHands-on Practical Lab
CKA exam cost$395
Kubernetes Cluster Version v1.30
Pass Score66%
Certification Validity2 years
Important NotesWith the new syllabus, the focus is more
towards Custer troubleshooting and
kubernetes operations and less focus on
config maps and secrets.

CKA Exam Syllabus [Latest]

TopicWeightage
Cluster Architecture, Installation & Configuration25%
Services & Networking 20%
Troubleshooting 30%
Workloads & Scheduling 15%
Storage 10%

Note: If you are preparing for the Certified Kubernetes Security Specialist exam see the CKS exam guide

CKA Exam Syllabus Changes

The following are the key exam changes for the new CKA syllabus as compared to the old syllabus. Here is the official announcement. The same syllabus is applicable for 2024 as well.

  1. The cluster version will be kubernetes v1.30
  2. Cluster Architecture, Installation & Configuration:
    • Detailed RBAC tasks
    • Extended kubeadm cluster operations
    • Manage highly available kubernetes cluster.
    • Manage kubernetes version upgrade using kubeadm
  3. 9% weightage increased for Service & Networking
  4. 10 to 30% increase in weightage for troubleshooting
  5. There is no security section. It is part of CKS certification.

Note: If you are registering for the CKA/CKAD/KCNA certification, make use of kubernetes Certification coupon to get up to 40% discount

CKA Hands-on Practice Labs & Tasks

The following are the best places to get started for practice labs.

Killercoda CKA Course [Free]A browser-based Kubernetes practice tasks from cluster setup to Kubernetes resources deployment.
Kubernetes Official Tasks [Free]Complete all the tasks listed in the kubernetes official documentation. It will help you a lot in the examination and is a great way to be hands-on with several important topics.
killer.sh [Free Access With CKA registration]A very good exam simulator for CKA/CKAD and CKS exams mimics the real exam environment. You get

Free Kubernetes Practice Clusters for the CKA Exam

To practice for the CKA exam, you can use the following free managed services to spin up a Kubernetes cluster.

  1. Kubernetes on Vagrant: This CKA Github repo contains the Vagrantfile and instructions for Mac, Windows and Linux systems to run a multinode local Kubernetes cluster.
  2. Google Cloud GKE: Use google cloud free credits ($300) to spin up a Kubernetes cluster with one click using GKE
  3. Azure AKS: Use Azure free credits ($300) to spin up a managed AKS Kubernetes cluster.\
  4. AWS EKS: One-year free tier program. Also, apply for $300 free AWS POC credits.
  5. Digital Ocean Kubernetes Service: ($200) Free credits valid for two months.
  6. Minukube Setup

CKA Exam Tips & Shortcuts To Save Time

CKA exam is all about solving the questions on time. Follow the tips given below to save time during the exam.

kubectl: It is the key utility for the whole exam. Make sure you get really comfortable with kubectl CLI commands for managing Kubernetes resources.

Tip 1: Kubectl Autocompletion

Use the following commands for kubectl autocomplete. Either you can use it in the current shell or add it to ~/.bashrc

source <(kubectl completion bash) 
echo "source <(kubectl completion bash)" >> ~/.bashrc 

Tip 2: Set Kubectl Alias

You need to use kubectl command a lot. So it is best to set up a short form alias in ~/.bashrc rather than typing the whole command.

In the exam environment, you will have the PSI environment already setup with the following alias.

echo "alias k=kubectl">>~/.bashrc 

You can set up the following aliases as well. But these are not necessary.

alias kp='kubectl get pods'
alias ka='kubectl get all'
alias kd='kubectl describe'
alias kl='kubectl logs'

Tip 3: Kubectl Dry Run [Saves Time]

Practice kubectl dry run commands to create YAML manifests. This saves a lot of time during the exam. For example,

kubectl run myapp-pod --image=nginx:latest \
            --labels type=app \
            --dry-run=client -o yaml > myapp-pod.yaml

You can also set up an alias for dry run as follows.

echo "alias kdr='kubectl --dry-run=client -o yaml'">>~/.bashrc 

So you can easily create a pod YAML as shown below.

kdr run my-pod --image=nginx:latest > my-pod.yaml

Tip 4: Use Shortnames of Resources

Along with the kubectl alias, use kubernetes resource short names to save time. Following are a few examples.

k get ns
k get deploy 
k get svc 
k get pv 

Not all resources have short names. You can check all the available short name names using the following command.

kubectl api-resources

Tip 5: Run Kubectl Context for Every Question

During the CKA exam, you will be given more than one cluster to solve the questions. Therefore, it is very important to run the kubectl context every time you start solving a question. It ensures that the answers are saved in the right cluster.

CKA Topic Wide Study Guide With Hands On Resources

All you need to do is, follow the kubernetes exam curriculum and official kubernetes documentation.

As it is an open-book exam, you can refer to kubernetes.io documentation during the exam. The following official Kubernetes documentation can be used during the exam.

  1. https://kubernetes.io/doc
  2. https://github.com/kubernetes
  3. https://kubernetes.io/blog

This resource list is based on the latest CKA syllabus.

Kubernetes Cluster Architecture, Installation & Configuration

Here are the key resources that you need to take practice when it comes to cluster architecture, Installation, and configuration.

Key points,

  1. Focus on Kubeadm-based cluster setup, and upgrade is significant. Understand kubeadm configuration and learn to set up and upgrade clusters using the official k8s documentation. As it is an open-book exam, you can use the online documentation for reference during the exam.
  2. Understand etcd backup clearly. Practice etcd backup on the exam-specific cluster version. Small mistakes in the etcd backup command will break the backup process.

Provision Underlying infrastructureKubernetes the hard way: This guide covers the entire
kubernetes set up in a step-by-step guide.
Cluster Installation Setting up a Kubernetes Cluster using Kubeadm
HA Cluster SetupSetting up a Highly Available Kubernetes Cluster
Kubeadm Cluster UpgradeHow to upgrade a kubeadm kubernetes cluster
Kubernetes BackupBackup and restore Kubernetes using etcd backup
Kubernetes RBACComplete Kubernetes RBAC Guide

Kubernetes Services & Networking

Understand host networking
configuration on the cluster nodes
1. Node Configuration
2. Control Plane – Node Communication
3. Comprehensive Kubernetes Networking Guide
4. Kubernetes Networking 101
Understand connectivity between
Pods
Cluster Networking Concepts
Understand ClusterIP, NodePort,
LoadBalancer service types
and endpoints
Kubernetes Service complete Guide
Know how to use Ingress
controllers and Ingress resources
1. Ingress resource guide
2. Ingress Controller Guide
3. Kubernetes Ingress Tutorial
Know how to configure and
use CoreDNS
Kubernetes CoreDNS Configuration
Choose an appropriate container
network interface plugin
Kubernetes network plugins guide

Kubernetes Troubleshooting

Evaluate cluster and node loggingKubernetes Cluster Logging Architecture
Understand how to monitor applications1. Tools for monitoring
2. Metrics API Guide
Manage container stdout & stderr logsRefer logging Architecture
Troubleshoot application failure1. Kubernetes applications Monitoring and Debugging guide (Nodes, Pods, Deployments, services, containers, etc)
2. Debugging kubernetes applications
Troubleshoot cluster component failure1. Kubernetes cluster troubleshooting guide
2. DNS Troubleshooting
3. Kubeadm cluster troubleshooting guide
Troubleshoot networkingRefer to debug cluster guide

Kubernetes Workloads & Scheduling

Understand deployments
and how to perform a
rolling update
and rollbacks
1. Complete Kubernetes Deployment guide with a rolling update and rollback strategies
2. Daemonset rollback strategy
Use ConfigMaps and Secrets
to configure applications
1. Kubernetes configmap guide
2. Kubernetes Secrets Explained
3. Task explaining Kubernetes secret implementation
Know how to scale applications1. Horizontal pod autoscaling
2. Interactive Tutorial to scale kubernetes applications
Understand the primitives
used to create robust, self-healing, application deployments
1. Kubernetes deployment concepts and interactive tutorial
2. Kubernetes deployment tutorial
Understand how resource
limits can affect Pod scheduling
1. kubernetes container resource management guide
2. Task: CPU resource allocation for containers
3. Task: Memory allocation for containers
Awareness of manifest management and common templating tools1. Kubernetes management tools
2. Tip: Use kubectl --dry-run to generate YAML templates during the exam.

Kubernetes Storage

Understand storage classes,
persistent volumes
1. Storage Classed Explained
2. Kubernetes Volumes explained
3. Kubernetes Persistent Volumes
4. Limit Storage Usage
5. Change the default Storage cluster
Understand volume mode,
access modes, and reclaim
policies for volumes
Refer to Kubernetes Persistent Volume Doc.
Understand persistent volume
claims primitive
All about persistent volume claims
Know how to configure
applications with
persistent storage
Create a pod using persistent storage

Passing the CKA Exam the Easy Way

If you want to pass the CKA exam in an easy way, here is what you have to do.

Note: I don’t recommend the easy way. However, choose this way only if you are in a hurry or need to have the CKA certification.

  1. Take the Udemy CKA course with the interactive practice test.
  2. Learn all the core concepts from the course
  3. Go through all the interactive practice test sections. If you are a beginner, go through the practice test multiple times.
  4. If you do the above three, it means you are ready to take the exam.

Register and appear for the CKA exam. You should be able to pass the CKA exam. For some reason, if you are not able to get the passing mark, don’t worry. You will have a free retake, and for the next attempt, you will know what to do as you go through the exam.

Passing the CKA Exam the Hard Way

Here is what you need to do if you want to learn all kubernetes concepts in the right way and pass the CKA exam without any shortcuts.

  1. Learn all Kubernetes concepts from scratch. Here is what you can do to learn the kubernetes basics.
    • Read a kubernetes book.
    • Subscribe for a kubernetes course
    • Read the official kubernetes.io documentation.
    • Create a list of all kubernetes concepts and read useful blogs on how it is implemented in real-time projects. You will find so many blogs.
  2. Go through Kubernetes the hard way task. It will teach you all the essential components that are part of a kubernetes cluster.
  3. Go through all the official kubernetes tasks which are part of the kubernetes documentation.
  4. [Optional] You go through the official Linux Foundation CKA training material.

Note: There is an Advanced Cloud Engineer Bootcamp offered by the Linux Foundation which covers topics from Linux, containers, kubernetes to service mesh. You can also get certified on both Linux and Kubernetes (CKA)

CKA Exam Updates

In the latest Linux foundation announcement, the CKA exam terminal has been changed to PSI bridge. This means you cannot use your personal bookmarks anymore. Also, you can use only one monitor during the exam.

The following are a few useful links that would help in your Certified Kubernetes Administrator exam preparation.

  1. How Kubernetes certificate authorities work: A very good blog by Julia that explains about k8s certificates
  2. All You Need to Know About Certificates in Kubernetes: A video that talks about how certificates work in the k8s cluster.
  3. Kubecon Videos: A collection of talks from Kubecon on kubernetes

Hope this resource list helps :). Please let us know in the comments section if you have found interesting resources that would help our readers with certification preparation.

Kubernetes Books

If you are a total beginner or you want a structured way to get started and understand kubernetes, you should start with the following two books.

  1. [Free Ebook] Kubernetes Up and Running 2: A book by Kelsey, Brenden, and Joe. It is a perfect book to learn all the Kubernetes basics.
  2. Kubernetes in Action: Once you got your basics in Kubernetes, this is the second book you should read.

Best CKA Exam Preparation Courses

If you don’t want to read the book, the better option is to get started with online training resources. Here are the recommended online training resources for the CKA exam.

KodeKloudCertified Kubernetes Administrator (CKA) with Practice Tests: This is one of the top-rated CKA preparation courses that comes with a browser-based practice test environment. [Updated for latest exam syllabus]
Linux FoundationKubernetes Fundamentals (LFS258): A course by Linux Foundation. This course is specifically designed for Kubernetes certification preparation. You can save $100 if you buy this as a bundle during CKA exam registration.
KillerCoda (2 Free Session With Exam Registration)CKA Interactive Practice Scenarios
CKA Mock ExamsUltimate Certified Kubernetes Administrator (CKA) Mock Exam

CKA FAQ’s

How to pass the CKA exam easily?

The easy way to pass the CKA is by following a CKA-focused online course with practice exams.

Is Kubernetes CKA certification worth it?

Yes. Currently, CKA is the sought-after certification in the DevOps domain as it is a certification based on practical exams.

How much does a certified Kubernetes administrator exam cost?

The Certified Kubernetes Administrator exam registration fee is $300.

How hard is the Certified Kubernetes Administrator (CKA) exam?

The CKA exam is a hands-on practical exam. So practice plays a crucial role in this exam. With enough practice, you can easily pass this exam.

Which is easier? CKA or CKAD?

The CKAD exam is comparatively easier than CKA as deals with cluster administration and troubleshooting. At the same time, CKAD is more focused on application deployments and troubleshooting.

Is there a CKA Voucher available for Black Friday?

Yes. The Linux Foundation Black Friday deal includes the CKA certification voucher code. You could save up to $150 with this deal.

How to renew your CKA certification?

If you want to renew the CKA certification, you need to retake the CKA exam before the expiry of the current certification. If you pass the exam, your CKA certification will be valid for another two years.

Is there a Voucher code available for the CKA exam?

Yes. You can get the voucher code for the CKA exam from the Linux Foundation coupon page. You could save 25% on CKA exam registration using the coupon code 30COMTECHIES.

Can I use an extended monitor during CKA exam?

No. You must use a single monitor only. Multiple monitors are not permitted. If you want to use the extened monitor, you should close the other monitors and only one monitor should be active at a time with a camera enabled.

Practice! Practice! Practice

We have covered possibly all the best resources, cka study materials, and guides you could use to pass the Certified Kubernetes Administrator (CKA) exam. However, CKA is a practical exam, and practicing the tasks is very important.

I would highly recommend you create your list of related tasks under each category and practice it multiple times.

You may start with an online course.

Or with the kubernetes documentation.

Either way, drop a comment below and let me know your thoughts on this guide.

Also, check out the list of best kubernetes tutorials to learn all the Kubernetes concepts.

CKA Exam Experiences

Let’s look at some of the experiences shared by the people who aced the CKA Exam.

Suraj says you should release run through the mock exams 2-3 times. Also, look at the documentation extensively to help you during the exam.

CKA exam experience

Manoj Reddy, give two key tips.

  1. As we discussed, setting up the aliases helps to save time.
  2. Setting up VIM shortcut to mitigate indentation issues.
CKA VIM shortcuts

Here is an experience shared by a user who has got 93% in the CKA Exam.

Passing CKA Exam with 93% score.

We have given all the detailed inforamation and resources for preparing for CKA exam. If you have any doubts, do let us know in the comment section.

CKA Exam Guide

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6 thoughts on “CKA Exam Study Guide: Certified Kubernetes Administrator”

  1. Absolutely AWESOME article! Been looking for one exactly like this. I am an IBM Certified Solutions Architect in both cloud pak for data and for business automation and am ramping up into the OpenShift, Kubernetes world. This is an absolutely great guide. I will be sharing this and keep up the great work!

    Reply
  2. Nice article! Where can I find the links, in the official documentation, to install the pod network solutions like Calico, Flannel, Weave (or any other)? I saw the link to YAMLs were available in the kubernetes.io but they vanished now.

    Reply

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